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School of Mining 



1895 -’ 96 . 


printed at the BRITISH WHIG OFFICE, 



Board of Governors. 


Requirements for Admission. 
Courses of Study. 

Three Years’ Courses. 

Four Years’ Courses. 
Subjects of Study. 

The Mining Laboratory. 
Prospectors’ Course. 
Extramural Classes. 

Summer School, 



Pass List. 


1895 . 

July lo — Summer School of Science opens. 

August 6 — Summer School closes. 

September 20 — Supplemental Examinations begin. 

Odtober i — Classes in Mining open, (ist term.) 

“ 16 — Holiday. 

December 21 — Christmas Holidays begin. 

^ 1896 . 

January 7 — Classes re-open. (2nd term.) 

“ 7 — Prospedtors’ Course begins.” 

February ig — Holiday. 

March 4 — Prospectors’ Course ends. 

April 3 — Holiday. 

“ 10 — Class work closes. 

“ II — Examinations begin. 

“ 29 — Convocation, for distributing prizes, announcing 

honours, and laureating graduates. 


— 4 — 


His Honour George A. Kirkpatrick, D.C.L., LL.D., &c., 
Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario. 

Chairman of the Board of Governors....). B. Carruthers, Esq. 
Vice-Chairman .Hiram A. Calvin, M.P. 


J. B. Carruthers, Esq Kingston 

G. M. Grant, LL.D., D.D Kingston 

Hiram A. Calvin, Esq., M.P Kingston 

E. W. Rathbun, Esq Deseronto 

Jas. Swift, Esq... Kingston 

G. M. Macdonnell, Esq., B.A., Q.C ..Kingston 

E. J. B. Pense, Esq., Kingston 

Hon. Wm. Harty, M.P.P..... ,,... Kingston 

Jas. S. Haydon, Esq Camden East 

F. A. Folger, Esq Kingston 

R. Crawford, Esq Kingston 

Geo. Y. Chown, Esq Kingston 

John McKelvey, Esq 

Joseph B. Walkem, Esq 

The Warden of the County of Frontenac. 

Appointed by the City Council 

Geo. Y. Chown, B.A Treasurer. 

A. P. Knight, M.A., M.D Secretary. 


The President of the Eastern Ontario Dairymen’s Association. 
Col. Drury. D. Fraser, Esq. 

J, (Parson, Esq. Bruce Carruthers, Esq. 

J. L. Haycock, M.P.P, 

— 5 — 


Wm. L. Goodwin, B.Sc. (Lond.) D.Sc. (Edin.), F.R.S.C., 

Director and Professor of Chemistry. 

William Nicol, M.A., 

Professor of Mineralogy, Metallurgy and Assaying. 

WiLLET G. Miller, B.A., 

Le(5turer on Geology and Petrography. 

Wm. Hamilton Merritt, M.E., F.G.S., Associate Royal School 
of Mines, England, 

Lecturer on Mining Engineering, The 
Economic Geology of Ontario, and The 
* Discovery and Winning of Minerals. 

R. Carr Harris, C.E., 

Professor of Engineering. 

William Mason, 

Ledturer on Freehand, Mechanical and Office 
Drawing, Topography and Surveying. 

N. F. Dupuis, M.A., F.R.S.C., 

Ledturer on Mechanism. 

Joseph Bawden, Barrister-at-Law, 

Ledlurer on the Law of Mining. 

T. L. Walker, M.A., ) 
Dr. Isaac Wood, M.A., j 

Laboratory Demonstrators. 

William Mason, Bursar. 

Alfred Dean, Janitor. 

— 6 — 


The School of Mining is a branch of the School ' 
of Mining and Agricultu? e ^ incorporated by Act of the ' 
Eegislature of Ontario. 

The objects of the School of Mining are to give a - 
thorough scientific education, both theoretical and prac- i 
tical, to men studying for the professions of the mining j 
engineer, the assayer, the consulting geologist, and the I 
metallurgist ; and to provide for prospectors, mine foremen 
and others interested in the discovery and winning of min- 
erals, such instruction as shall make their occupations | 
more interesting and less liable to failures. With these i 
ends in view the Board of Governors placed the School 
near Queen’s University so as to take advantage of the 
instruction provided there in English, mathematics, 
physics, and the biological sciences. Kingston was 
chosen also as the most suitable town within easy reach 
of the extensive mineral regions of Eastern and Northern 
Ontario. Recognizing the fact that the mineral lands of 
Ontario require careful exploration and development, in 
order to lead to safe and economical mining, the gover- 
nors of the school have developed the chemical, miner- 
alogical, geological and assay departments as rapidly as 
possible, and have built and equipped a mining laboratory 
for the practical study of milling, concentrating, etc. 
They have also organized short practical courses in min- 
ing centres, so as to some extent to carry the opportunities 
afforded by the school to those whose business prevents 
them from attending it. 

The School of Mining is open to all who wish by 
earnest study to enlarge their knowledge of minerals and 
mines, or to pursue science for its own sake. The atmos- 
phere of the school is suitable only for those who are fond 
of steady work and close application. 

— 1 — 


Registration. — All students are required to register 
and pay the registration fee at the beginning of each ses- 

Matricueation. Before being admitted to exam- 
ination on the work of the course, candidates for a degree 
must pass the matriculation examination, or otherwise 
satisfy the Faculty of their fitness to proceed with their 
course. Matriculation consists of the Junior Leaving 
examination for Ontario in the subjects of English and 
Mathematics. The details of this examination may be 
found in the calendars of Ontario Universities or in the 
Regulations of the Education Department. Other ex- 
aminations will be accepted so far as they are equivalent. 
Candidates who have made at least fifty per cent, on the 
papers in any of the Senior Leaving examination subjects 
are not required to take the junior classes in those sub- 

Students who have already taken, in a University 
Arts or Science Faculty, subjects included in a degree 
course in the School of Mining, will be admitted to the 
year for which they are qualified, on entering upon a 
course for the degree of M.E. or B.Sc. 

The B.Sc. course can be completed in one year after 
graduation in an honour course in chemistry, mineralogy 
and geology. 

SpECiae Students. — Unmatriculated students may 
take any classes and examinations for which they are pre- 
pared. The work in Chemistry, Mineralogy, Geology, 
Drawing, Surveying, etc. , is so arranged that those who 
wish to study these subjects, either for their scientific 
interest or as leading to professions other than mining 
engineering, may profitably pursue their studies here. 
Special short courses are conducted during the session for 
prospectors and others. (See pp. 36.) 

Fkks. — R egistration and Class fees must be paid 
annually on or before October i6, and laboratory fees be- 
fore students begin work in the laboratories. 

Registration I i oo 

For the Course in Mining : first year 40 00 

“ “ second “ 45 00 

“ “ third “ 50 00 

“ “ fourth “ 55 00 

Junior and Senior Chemistry, each 12 00 

Any other Course of Lectures 8 00 

Drawing 9 00 

Surveying, per Session 5 00 

Use of Assaying Laboratory for Session 5 00 

“ Chemical Laboratory for Session 20 00 

“ Petrographical Laboratory for Session... 5 00 

Analytical Chemistry (Medical) 12 00 

Specialists’ Practical Course in Qualitative Ana- 
lysis, Blowpiping and Mineralogy 10 00 

Elementary Mineralogy and Blowpiping 5 00 

Graduation Fee 20 00 

Annual Examination Fee 3 00 

Tutor’s Fee; Extramural Students, one subjedt.. 5 00 

“ “ “ more than 

one subjedt 10 00 

^ 9 — 


The following courses are offered : 

I. Three years’ courses for a diploma in 

(A.) Mining Engineering. 

(B.) Analytical Chemistry and Assaying.) 

II. Four years’ courses for a degree in 

(A.) Mining Engineering (M.E.) 

(B.) Chemistry and Mineralogy (B.Sc.) 
(C.) Mineralogy and Geology (B.Sc.) 

III. Post-graduate courses for the degree of Doctor 
of Science (D.Sc.) (For further information see the 
calendar of Queen’s University for 1894-95, P- n?-) 


These courses are intended to fit men to enter upon 
the practice of mining engineering and assaying. The 
scientific groundwork of these professions is included as 
completely as the length of the course will permit ; and 
much time is given to those practical studies which 
best equip the student for the work of exploration, deveh 
oping, supervision, construction, etc., connected with 
mining. The courses are so arranged that, upon com- 
pleting them, students may, if they wish, by another 
year’s study, complete the course for a degree. 


First Year. 

First Term. 

Algebra and Geometry, 
Junior English, 

Junior Physics, 

Junior Chemistry, 

Blowpipe Analysis, 

Second Term. 
Algebra and Geometry, 
Plane Trigonometry, 
Junior English, 

Junior Physics, 

Junior Chemistry, 

Blowpipe Analysis, 
Qualitative Analysis. 

-“ 10 — 

Second Year. 

First Term. 

Higher Algebra, 

Solid Geometry, 

Senior Physics, 
Chemistry of Metals, 
Qualitative Analysis, 
Systematic Mineralogy, 

Drawing and Designing, 
Mechanical Engineering. 

Second Term. 

Higher Algebra, 

Solid Geometry, 

Spherical Trigonometry, 
Senior Physics, 

Elementary Crystallography, 
Quantitative Analysis, 
Systematic Mineralogy, 

Drawing and Designing, 
Mechanical Engineering. 

Third Year. 

First Term. 

Co-ordinate Geometry, 
Elementary Differential and 
Integral Calculus. 
Descriptive Mineralogy, 
Determinative Mineralogy, 
Geology and Petrography. 


Ore Dressing. 


Materials and Construdtion. 

Second Term. 

Co-ordinate Geometry, 
Elementary Differential and 
Integral Calculus. 


Descriptive Astronomy, 
Technical Chemistry. 
Descriptive Mineralogy, 
Determinative Mineralogy, 
Geology and Petrography, 

Ore Deposits, 


Ore Dressing, 



First Year. 

First Term. 

Algebra and Geometry, 
Junior English, 

Junior Physics, 

Junior Chemistry, 

Blowpipe Analysis, 

Second Term. 

Algebra and Geometry, 
Junior English, 

Junior Physics, 

Junior Chemistry, 
Qualitative Analysis, 

Blowpipe Analysis. 

First Term. 

Second Year. 

Solid Geometry, 

Adv. Algebra and PI. Trig. 
Chemistry of Metals, 
Qualitative Analysis, 
Systematic Mineralogy. 

Second Term. 

Adv. Algebra and PI. Trig. 
Elementary Crystallography, 
Chemical Physics, 
Qualitative Anal3^sis, 
Systematic Mineralogy. 

First Term. 

Third Year. 

Second Term. 

Organic Chemistry, 

Descrip, and Det. Mineralogy, 
Geology and Petrography, 
Quantitative Analysis, 


General Chemistry, 

Technical Chemistry, 

Descrip, and Det. Mineralogy. 
Geology and Petrography, 
Quantitative Analysis, 


Ore Deposits. 

— 12 - 


These courses are arranged so as to give the ex- 
tended scientific training required for the more highly 
specialized fields of professional work in mining, assay- 
ing, analytical chemistry, mineralogy and geology. 
Courses A and B may be completed in one year after 
completing the corresponding three years’ course. Course 
C affords a general education in natural science with spe- 
cial training in mineralogical and geological work and 
studies. It is intended for those who have in view the 
profession of consulting geologist or the work of geologi- 
cal surveys. 


The first three years of this course are the same as 
for the Three Years’ Course. (See page 9.) 

Fourth Year. 

First Term. 

Quantitative Analysis, 


Economic Geology, 


Electric Motors and Lighting, 
Mining Engineering, 


Mining Law. 

Second Term. 

Quantitative Analysis, 


Economic Geology, 


Electric Motors and Lighting, 
Mining Engineering, 


Mining Law. 


The first three years of this course are the same as 
for the Three Years’ Course. (See p. 10.) 

Fourth Year. 

Special work along lines to be chosen by the candidate ; an 
original research in Chemistry or Mineralogy. 

— 13 — 


First Term. 

First Year, 

Second Term. 

Algebra and Geometry, 
Junior English, 

Junior Physics, 

Junior Chemistry, 

Blowpipe Analysis, 
Animal Biology. 

Algebra and Geometry, 
Junior English, 
Descriptive Astronomy, 
Junior Physics, 

Junior Chemistry, 

Blowpipe Analysis, 

Second Year. 

First Term. 

Solid Geometry, 

Plane Trigonometry, 
Chemistry of Metals, 
Qualitative Analysis, 
Systematic Mineralogy, 


Second Term. 

Chemical Physics, 

Plane Trigonometry, 
Elementary Crystallography, 
Qualitative Analysis, 
Systematic Mineralogy, 

Third Year. 

First Term. Second Term. 

Crystallography, Spherical Trigonometry, 

Assaying, Assaying, 

Descrip, and Det. Mineralogy, Simple Quantitative Analysis, 
Geology and Petrography, Descrip, and Det. Mineralogy, 

Topographical Surveying, Geology and Petrography, 

Field Geology, Geological Maps and Sections. 

P'ouRTH Year. 

Petrography, Petrography, 

Economic Geology. Economic Geology. 

Special work along lines to be chosen by the candidate ; an 
original research in Mineralogy or Geology. 

— 14 — 



Professor : William L. Goodwin, D.Sc., Edin. 

Demonstrators: T. W. Walker M.A., and I. Wood, M.A., M.D. 


1. Lectures on the principles of Chemistry as follows : 

Chemical Species — Crystals and Crystallisation — 
Chemical Change — Laws of Combination — Rela- 
tion of Heat to Chemical Changes — Notation — 
Equations — Nomenclature — Volume Relations of 
Gases in Chemical Change — Volume Formulas — 
The Atomic Theory — Descriptive Chemistry of the 
N on-metallic Elements and their Compounds — 
Electrolysis — Spectrum Analysis. 

Books : Goodwin’s Chemistry (Henderson & Co., Kingston). 

Remsen’s Inorganic Chemistry (Advanced Course)' 
Mondays and Tuesdays at ii a.m. 

2. Laboratory practice, consisting of simple experiments, by 
means of which the student may become acquainted with the 
properties of common substances. Wednesdays at ii a.m. 

3. Qualitative Analysis is begun in the second term. 


(1ST term). I. Lectures on the chemistry of the metals, 
their occurrence in nature, reduction, and uses ; and on chemical 
laws and theories. Thursdays and Fridays at ii a.m. 

2. Qualitative Analysis is continued. Notes on systematic 
qualitative analysis are given in a course of fifteen lectures by 
Professor Nicol in Odtober. 

(2ND TERM). I. Lectures on elementary crystallography 
and chemical laws and theories. Thursdays and Fridays 
at II a.m. 

2. Qualitative Analysis of Minerals and Simple Quantitative 
Analysis. This work will occupy from two to four hours a day. 
The greater part of the time is spent in the laboratories. Lec- 
tures on quantitative analysis on Thursdays at 3 p.m. 

— 15 — 

Books: Dobbin & Walker’s Chemical Theory (Macmillan 
& Co.) 

Goodwin’s Chemistry and Supplement (Henderson 
& Co.) 

Richter’s Inorganic Chemistry (P. Blakiston, Son 
& Co.) 

Williams’ Crystallography (Henry Holt & Co.) 

Thorpe & Muir’s Qualitatiye Analysis (Longmans, 
Green & Co.) 

Fresenius’ Quantitatiye Analysis. 

Third Vear. 

(1ST TERM). I. Lectures and Class Work on Organic Chemistry. 
The student is expe{ 5 ted to master the contents of Remsen’s 
Organic Chemistry. 

Wednesdays at 3 p.m. 

2. Advanced Crystallography , studied in its relation to chem- 
istry and mineralogy. The student has access to colledtions of 
wooden and wire models, and mounted crystals. 

Mondays, Tuesdays and Thursdays, at 3 p.m. 

3. Quantitative Analysis is continued throughout the third 
year by students taking the courses in Chemistry and Assaying, 
or Chemistry and Mineralogy. Special attention is giyen to the 
quantitatiye analysis of minerals. 

Text Book : PTesenius’ Quantitatiye Analysis. 

(2ND term). I. Lectures on selected subjedts in Technical 
Chemistry. For the session of 1895-1896 the subjects will be 
Fuels, Ores and Fluxes. 

Mondays a! 3 p.m. 

2. Lectures on General Chemistry. For the session of 1895- 
1896 the subjedts will be Thermochemistry, Eledtrochemistry, 
and Kinetic Theory of Gases. 

Text Book : Ostwald’s Outlines of General Chemistry. 

Wednesdays at 3 p.m. 

3. Quantitative Analysis. 

Fourth Year. 

The work for the fourth year consists entirely of laboratory 
work in quantitatiye analysis. Students taking the M.E. course 
extend their acquaintance with analysis of minerals, slags, etc. 

— 16 — 

Those taking the B.Sc. course in chemistry and mineralogy 
will, in addition, carry on experimental work in some sele(5ted 
field, such as rock analysis, organic analysis, analysis of water, 
air, foods, fertilizers, soils, etc. 

All students are urged to make daily use of the library, 
reading along the lines of their laboratory work. 


The practical work in Chemistry is carried on in 
three laboratories : No. i for qualitative analysis, No. 2 
for quantitative analysis, and No. 3 for experimentation 
in class, and drill on the subjects treated of in the junior 
ledtures. No. i and No. 2 are fitted up with 62 and 42 
respectively locked work places, so that 104 students can 
be provided each with a set of apparatus under lock and 
key. These laboratories are open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., 
and students are allowed to carry on their analytical work 
when not otherwise engaged. The number of hours a 
day to be spent in the laboratories depends, to some 
extent, on the aptitude of the student for experimentation. 
The average is about two and a half hours. No. 3 serves 
both as a laboratory and a class room. It is fitted up 
with seats and desks which are at the same time work 
tables. Besides these larger laboratories there are smaller 
rooms devoted to special branches of analytical chemistry 
and to rOvSearch. 

Each student, before entering any practical class in 
chemistry, is required to deposit five dollars with the 
Bursar. On presenting to the instru( 5 lor of the class the 
receipt for this, the student receives the key of his place. 
The deposit is returned at the end of the session, break- 
ages, &c., having been deducted. 

— 17 — 


Professor: Wm. Nicol, M.A. 

The work of the Assaying Class is carried on partly 
in the assaying laboratory and partly in the quantitative 
chemical laboratory, as assaying is a branch of quan- 
titative analysis. The Assay laboratory is equipped for 
conducting fire assays of the metallic ores. As assaying 
forms an important part of milling, the crusher and 
sample grinder of the mining laboratory are employed for 
preparing larger samples for assay. Smaller samples are 
prepared by hand, using mortars, the “buck-board,” 
sieves, etc. A balance room adjoins the assay laboratory 
and is supplied with pulp balances for weighing in the 
ore. The assay laboratory is furnished with one large 
muffle furnace for soft coal, four portable coke furnaces 
(Brown pattern), one portable charcoal furnace, one gas 
muffle furnace, one gas crucible furnace, one combined 
muffle and crucible gas blast furnace, and three wind 
crucible furnaces for hard coal. The object is to prepare 
students for working with the different kinds of fuel. 
The laboratory is. well supplied with ore-bins and samples 
of pulverized ore, so that practice may be had with a 
variety of ores. The work begins with an assay of coal 
to ascertain its commercial value. A thorough course in 
the analysis of iron ores by wet methods is given. The 
work is carried on, as far as possible, on the plan of Pro- 
fessor Ledebur, of Freiberg. * Blair’s “Analysis of Iron ” 
is used as a text-book, supplemented by ledtures delivered 
early in the session. The assays of copper, nickel, and 
zinc are made partly by the dry method, partly by 
electrolysis, and partly by titration. The assay of lead 
ores is conducted by the dry or furnace method. 

The assaying of gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, 
iron, and nickel ores, by furnace, wet, and electrolytic 

— 18— 

Text-books — Chapman’s Assay Notes, (Copp-Clark Co.) 

Brown’s Manual of Assaying, 5th ed. (Sargent & Co., 

Blair’s Chemical Analysis of Iron, 2nd ed. (Lippin- 
cott Co.) 

Lord’s Notes on Metallurgical Analysis. 

Books for reference : 

Beringer’s Text-book of Assaying (C. Griffin & Co.) 

Bodemann & Kerl’s Assaying. 


Professor : William Nicol, M.A. 

Lectures on ores, furnaces, fuels, and fluxes ; the metallurgy of 
iron, steel, nickel, silver, gold, copper, lead, and aluminum. 
Text-book — Roberts-Austen’s Metallurgy. 


Professor: William Nicol, M.A. 

The course in Mineralogy extends over three years. 
The work of the first year class is intended as a pre- 
paration for those entering upon the studies of geology, ; 
petrography, and metallurgy. The class should be taken j 
along with the classes of junior chemistry and junior 
physics, as a knowledge of chemistry and physics is j 
necessary for a proper comprehension of the subject. | 
The work consists of lectures on the physical, optical, ji 
and other properties of minerals, the description of forty 
or fifty prominent Canadian minerals, followed by practical | 
work in the determination of these. The lectures are 
illustrated by specimens from the lecture-cabinet, which 
is furnished with collections, to illustrate the physical, 
optical, and other properties of minerals. The practical 
work of the class is conducted in the mineralogical and ; 
blowpipe laboratory, where cabinets containing specimens i 
of commonly occurring minerals are provided. The 
students are taught to recognize minerals by simple field j 
tests, such as color, form, hardness, specific gravity, etc. ! 
For this work students must provide themselves with a 
knife, a magnet, a pocket lens, and a streak plate. 

— 19 — 

The practical work in mineralogy is supplemented by 
practical instruction in the use of the blowpipe, which is 
of so much importance in studying the chemical properties 
of minerals, and also as an aid to qualitative analysis. 
The blowpipe laboratory is furnished with the necessary 
apparatus for twenty-four students. 

The work of the second year class is an extension of 
that of the first year, and is intended to prepare students 
for undertaking descriptive and determinative mineralogy 
in the third year, and as an aid in the study of petro- 
graphy. More attention is given in this class to the study 
of the physical, optical, thermal, electrical, and other 
properties of minerals. Specimens, models, thin sections, 
charts, and lantern .slides are used to illustrate the lectures . 
For determining the specific gravity of minerals, a specific 
gravity balance, a Jolly’s spiral balance, and a Nicholson’s 
Areometer, are provided for use by the students. 

The work of this class — systematic mineralogy — is 
supplemented by a practical class in crystallography (for 
details see under Chemistry')^ and by practical and theo- 
retical work in the qualitative analysis of minerals in the 
qualitative laboratory. 

The work of the third year class consists of descriptive 
mineralogy, determinative mineralogy, the quantitative 
analysis of minerals, petrography and ore deposits. For 
the descriptive part the school collection of minerals is 
made use of. Dana’s System of Mineralogy is used as a 
text-book in the class. The descriptions are read and 
comparisons are made with the specimens. The mineral 
specimens are constantly being increased by collection, 
donation, and purchase, the aim being to make the 
museum as complete and representative as possible. 
Special attention is given to Canadian ores and gangue 
minerals, as this class aids very materially in the study 
of ore deposits. No attempt is made to get the minerals 
“by rote,’’ the desire is rather to acquire a practical work- 
ing knowledge of them, such as would be useful to the 
assayer, consulting geologist, or mining engineer. 

— 20 — 

The work in connection with determinative miner- 
alogy is taken in two parts : (a) practical mineralogy 
and (d) determination by the blowpipe. For the first 
part cabinets filled with specimens of minerals are pro- 
vided for use. Students are permitted to handle the 
specimens and test them by ordinary field tests, such as 
form, color, hardness, etc. The object of this class is to ' 
enable students to recognize minerals in the field. Frazer’s 
Tables for the Deter ruination of Minerals is used as a guide. 
For the second part, practical instruction is given in the 
blowpipe laboratory in the determination of minerals. 
The object of the class is to assist students in acquiring a 
knowledge of the chemical properties of minerals, and 
to enable them to test minerals in the field, or more 
leisurely at home. The advantage that this class affords 
to the prospector and field geologist is at once apparent. 

Bach student is supplied with certain pieces of blow- 
pipe apparatus, for the care of which he is held responsible. 
As far as possible the work of this class is carried on ; 
parallel with that in descriptive mineralogy, as the blow- j 
pipe characters form an important part in the description j 
of every mineral. | 

For details of the work in quantitative analysis of 
minerals, see under Chemistry ; and for details of the 
work in petrography and ore deposits, see under Geology. 

First Year. \ 

Blowpipe Analysis — {a) A course of practical demonstrations to 
illustrate and explain readtions in studying the chemical 
properties of minerals (one hour per week). (6) A pradtical 
class in which the experiments seen in the ledtures are per- 
formed by the students (one hour per week). 

Text-hook — Chapman’s Blowpipe Practice, 2nd ed. (Copp-Clark [ 
Co.) * 

Books for reference : 

Cornwall’s Translation of Plattner’s Manual of Qualitative 
and Quantitative Analysis with the Blowpipe. 7th ed. 
(Van Nostrand Co.) 

Endlich’s Manual of Qualitative Blowpipe Analysis. 

— 21 — 

Brush’s Manual of Determinative Mineralogy and Blowpipe 
Analysis, 13th ed. (Wiley & Sons.) 

Landauer’s Blowpipe Analysis. 

Students must supply their own blowpipe apparatus. 

Second Year. 

1. Systematic Mineralogy. 

Text -book — Bauerman’s Systematic Mineralogy. (Longmans, 
Green & Co.) 

Books for reference — Naumann-Zirkel’s Mineralogie. 

Tschermak’s Mineralogte. 

Dana’s Text-book of Mineralogy, 15th ed. 
i88g. (John Wiley & Sons.) 

2. Crystallography. 

Lectures and practical study of crystal forms by means 
of natural crystals, and wooden and wire models. 
Williams’ Crystallography. (Henry Holt & Co.) 

3. Qualitative Analysis of minerals by blowpipe and wet 

Ledtures on Qualitative Analysis. 

Text-book — Fresenius’ Qualitative Analysis. 

4. Essays on prescribed subjects. 

Third Year. 

1. Descriptive Mineralogy. 

Tuesday and Friday at 9 a.m. 

Description and classification of the commonly occurring 
minerals, special attention being given to Canadian 
Ores. Examination of specimens from cabinets. 
Text-book — Dana’s System of Mineralogy, 6th ed. (Wiley & Sons.) 
Books for reference : 

Chester’s and English’s Catalogues of Minerals. 
Chapman’s Minerals and Geology of Ontario and Quebec. 
3rd ed. (Copp-Clark Co.) 

Commissioners’ Report on Mineral resources of Ontario, 

Reports of Bureau of Mines, 1891-94. 

2. Determinative Mineralogy. 

Practical instrudtion in the determination of minerals 
by means of the blowpipe and by field tests. 

—'Z2 — 

Text-hooks — Frazer’s Tables for the Determination of Minerals, 
3rd ed., 1891. (J. B. Lippincott & Co., Phila.) 

Brush’s Manual of Determinative Mineralogy and 
Blowpipe Analysis, 13th ed. (Wiley & Sons.) 

3. Quantitative Analysis of Minerals (selecfted samples). 
Text-book — Fresenius’ Quantitative Analysis. 


Lecturer : Willet G. Miller, B.A. 

The instruction in this department is adapted to the 
needs of the prospector, the mining engineer, and the 
professional geologist. Provision is also made for persons 
who desire a knowledge of the subject as part of a general 
education. Graduates and others who wish to pursue 
some special line of investigation, or to have the use of the 
laboratories and apparatus, in order to work up material 
collected by themselves, will have every facility placed 
at their disposal. 

Students have access to the museum of Queen’s 
University, which contains a large number of specimens 
illustrative of the geology of Canada, as well as to the 
collections of the school. 

Second Year. 


The object of this course is to give a general know- 
ledge of the subject as an introduction to the work of the 
third and fourth years. 

The following themes will be treated of in the 
lectures : — The planetary relations of the earth; the at- 
mosphere ; waters ; solid crust ; probable nature of the 
earth’s interior ; rocks, their general megascopic and 
microscopic characters and classification ; volcanic action ; 
earthquakes ; upheaval ; subsidence ; geological effects 
produced by heat, air, water, and life ; bosses ; dykes ; 
veins ; stratification ; dip ; strike ; anticline and syncline ; 
faults ; foliation ; nature and uses of fossils ; strati- 
graphical geology ; outline of the geological history of the 
globe, etc. 

— 23 — 

The lectures are illustrated by means of maps, 

I diagrams, and lantern views. 

The laboratory work will consist of the examination 
j of typical specimens of the different groups of fossil plants 
' and animals, and of hand specimens of the more common 

During the months of October and November ex- 
cursions will be made to places of geological interest in 
i the vicinity of Kingston. 

Text-hooks and books for reference . 

Le Conte’s Compend of Geology. 

Dana’s Manual of Geology (last edition). 

Chapman’s Minerals and Geology of Ontario and Quebec. 

Third Year. 


In this course special attention will be given to 
stratigraphical geology and the geology of Canada. Type 
fossils of the different formations will be studied. 

Text-books and books for reference: 

Chapman’s Minerals and Geology of Ontario and Quebec. 

Dawson’s Geology of Canada. 

Dana’s Manual of Geology. 

Wood’s Elementary Palseontology. 

Geological Survey Reports of Canada. 


This course will consist of lectures on the use of the 
petrographical microscope and accessories in the determin- 
ation of the rock-forming minerals, together with the 
determination of some of the more common igneous rocks. 

The lectures will be illustrated by means of micro- 
scopic proje(5tions of thin sections of minerals and rocks, 
and will be supplemented by a large amount of laboratory 

A considerable variety of dyke rocks occurs in the 
Kingston district. These will be studied in the field, and 
specimens will be collected by each student for examina- 
tion in the laboratory. 

— 24 — 

Boxes for holding slides, and material used in the 
preparation of sections may be obtained from the Bursar. 

Text-hooks and hooks for reference : 

Rosenbusch-Iddings’ Microscopical Physiography of Rock- 
Forming Minerals. 

Loewinson-Lessing’s Tables for the Determination of the 
Rock- Forming Minerals. 

Hatch’s Petrology. 

Bayley’s Synopsis of Rosenbusch’s Classification of Rocks. 


Lectures on the origin, modes of occurrence and uses 
of metalliferous minerals, with mention of their chief 
localities. The characters by which ore bodies are some- 
times indicated to the prospector will be described. A 
sketch will be given of the geology of some of the leading 
mining districts. 

Text-hooks and hooks for reference : 

Phillips’ Ore Deposits. 

Kemp’s Ore Deposits of the United States. 

Mineral Statistics, Geological Surveys of Canada and the 
United States. 

Rothwell, The Mineral Industry. Vols. I and II. 

Fourth Year. 


A study will be made of structural and dynamical 
geology in connection with their bearings on economic 

Opportunities will be offered for those wishing to 
prosecute any special line of investigation. 

Students are advised to devote as much time as 
possible to field work during the preceding long vacation, 
and to collect material for study in the laboratory during 
the winter. 

Text-hooks — Geikie’s Text-Book of Geology. 

Dana’s Manual of Geology. 

— 25 — 


A course of lectures will be given on the microscopic 
characters and classification of the igneous rocks, and on 
the characters, origin and classification of the Pre-Cambrian 

Special attention will be paid to the metamorphic 
series of the Kingston district, as exceptional opportunities 
are here offered for the study of the field relations of these 
rocks, and for attacking those problems as to their origin, 
which are now attracting the attention of geologists. 

The petrographical laboratory will be equipped by the 
beginning of the session. It will be supplied with electric 
power and provided with diamond saws and all apparatus 
needed in the preparation of thin sections of minerals and 
rocks for examination with the microscope. 

laboratory facilities are also provided for micro- 
chemical tests, and for the use of heavy solutions in 
separating the constituents of rocks. 

The school owns several petrographical microscopes 
of the latest and most improved designs. 

Text-hooks and books for reference : 

Rosenbusch — Die Massige Gesteine. 

Zivkel—Lehrbuch der Petrographie. Vols. I, II and III. 

Levy and Lacroix — Les Mineraux des Roches. 

Rosenbusch- Iddings — Microscopical Physiography of Rock- 
Forming Minerals. 

Iddings — The Origin of Igneous Rocks. 

Van Rise — Correlation Papers, Archaean and Algonkian. 


Tectures on the origin, modes of occurrence and uses 
of the metals and their ores ; materials used in the pro- 
duction of light and heat; minerals used in chemical 
manufactures ; fertilizers ; mineral pigments ; salt, brine 
and mineral waters ; building materials ; cements ; re- 
fractory materials ; abrasive materials ; gems and precious 
stones ; miscellaneous. 

—26 — 


Lecturer: Wm. Hamilton Merritt, F.G.S., A.R.S.M. 

This course is given lectures and text-book work, 
supplemented by models, drawings, photographs, the 
actual examination of mines, and practical work in milling, 
ore dressing, and sampling in the mining laboratory. 

The lectures on the art of mining are designed to 
make the student familiar with the operations in vogue 
in this and other countries for finding, developing, ex- 
tracting and mechanically treating minerals of economic 
value. It brings to a practical issue the information 
acquired by the lectures on mathematics, mechanics, sur- 
veying, and physics. A knowledge of chemistry and 
mineralogy is also necessary to give a satisfactory apprecia- 
tion of the character of the ores searched for or extracted. 

Connected with the mining of the ore, its geological 
association is considered. 

This subject is covered by four courses. 

The first c ours eh^gins with the application of economic 
geology to the needs of the explorer or engineer, so that 
on the one hand he can intelligentlv search for, then 
develop a mineral deposit of economic value, and on the 
other hand he can study and value mining properties, 
locate appropriately the necessary plant and calculate the 
cost of production. It includes the discussion of faults 
and the means of finding faulted bodies, with practical 
problems. The subjects of blasting, timbering, and win- 
ning deposits are applied to actual cases, as driving a 
drift, etc. , and problems from practical data are solved by 
the students. 

The second course covers the subjects of underground 
and surface haulage, winding, loading, unloading and 
stocking ores, drainage or pumping, ventilation, lighting, 
descent and ascent, principles of employment, hygiene 
and mining laws and accidents. Problems are given in 
each of these subjects to cover cases that meet the 
enquirer in ordinary practice. 

— 27 — 

The third course treats of the mechanical preparation 
of ores by the wet, dry, or magnetic methods. 

The fourth course deals with the milling of gold and 
silver ores, and the sampling of ores considered especially 
in connection with practical work in the mining laboratory, 
where it is intended also to illustrate roasting, chlorination, 
and smelting processes. 

It is expected that students will familiarize them- 
selves with mining operations during the vacation, and 
arrangements will also be made for summer classes in 
mining regions. 

The course includes the following heads, illustrated 
in each case by examples of the most advanced methods 
wherever they may be carried on, but especial mention is 
made of typical work which is being carried on in Canada. 

Occurrence or manner in which the useful minerals 
are formed in the earth’s crust. Classification of mineral 
deposits. Beds, strata, or seams ; mineral veins or lodes; 
masses and their formation. Examples of the various 
modes of occurrence of the most important useful min- 
erals. Irregularities in beds and veins, faults or dis- 
locations, and rules for searching for the lost portion of a 
deposit. Examination and survey of mineral properties, 
relation of topography to geological structure, construction 
I of maps and sections, and tracing of probable outcrops as 
I a guide to 'exploration. 

I Prospecting or search for mineral deposits. Dis- 

j coveries by chance or by mistake. Aid afforded by 
I geology. Surface indications by form or colour of the 
I ground or scattered fragments of the deposit. Decom- 
posed outcrops of beds or veins. Association of minerals, 
j Magnetic surveys with dip compass. Simple field tests 
I of common ores. Prospectors’ kit. Qualification of the 
\ prospector. Prospecting by pits, trenching, costeaning or 
j husking. Importance of thorough surface prospecting 
I work illustrated by examples. 

I Bofing. Use of bore holes. Methods of boring. 

J Percussion boring. With rods, Canadian method ; with 


rope, United States method. Free falling tools. Rotary 
boring. Earth augers. Diamond drills worked by hand 
or by machinery. Hydraulic boring. 

Mine Development. Choice of methods, location of 
openings ; opening of shafts, slopes, tunnels, or drifts ; 
sinking of winzing, and driving of crosscuts, drifts, and 

Excavation. Hand tools, machine tools, steam dig- 
gers and dredges, hydraulic, endless chain, scoop and clam 
shell. Conveyance of power to machinery placed below 
ground. Rotatory and percussive rock worked by steam, 
water, compressed air, or electricity. Air compressors, 
hand drills ; theory of blasting ; method of putting in 
holes ; explosives used in blasting ; powder ; nitro-glyc- 
erine ; other high explosives ; fulminates ; directions for 
using and methods of firing ; charging detonators ; meth- 
ods of firing blasts ; ventilation ; removal of stuff ; sub- 
stitutes for explosives ; breaking ground by the action of 
water or fire ; attack of ground ; driving of drifts and 
tunnels ; sinking and raising ; sinking of shafts and slopes. 

Supports. Timber; kinds of timber used for sup- 
porting excavations ; dry rot ; processes used for the 
preservation of timber ; modes of timbering levels, shafts, 
winzes, slopes and other excavations ; masonry and iron 
or steel supports for similar purposes ; special methods 
of support in the case of watery and running strata ; 
compressed air, freezing and other processes ; saving of 
timber resulting from the adoption of caving and filling 

Exploitation^ or working away minerals. Open 
works. Hydraulic mining. Working of deposits and 
support of excavations ; methods applicable to deposits of 
different thickness, inclination and chara(5ler. Coal mining, 
vein mining, working of thick deposits and soft-ore 
bodies. Salt mining. 

Transport^ or conveyance along roads. Wheelbar- 
rows, underground tram-cars, use of ponies or horses, 
mechanical haulage, locomotives for use underground, 

— 29 — 

electric railways, conveyance of minerals above ground, 
wire rope-ways. 

Winding, or hoisting in shafts or along inclines. 
Machinery and apparatus required. Buckets, boxes, 
kibbles, and cages ; ropes of various descriptions ; pit- 
head frames ; guides or conductors ; landing on banking ; 
safety devices and signalling ; arrangements for loading 
and unloading cars and vessels, and for storing 

Drainage. Preventing access of surface water ; adits 
or drainage tunnels ; siphons ; removal of water by wind- 
ing machinery ; pumping plant ; dams. 

Ventilation. Composition of air; gases met with 
underground ; causes of the deterioration of air ; dangers 
of dust ; natural' ventilation, its advantages ; ventilation 
by furnaces ; mechanical ventilators of various kinds ; 
distribution of air through the workings ; methods of 
testing the purity of the air ; fire-damp detectors ; meth- 
ods of measuring and recording the volume of the air 
passing through the workings. 

Lighting. Candles ; lamps fed by tallow, and by 
animal, vegetable or mineral oils ; safety lamps ; gas and 
electric lamps ; expense of lighting. 

Descent and Ascent. Steps and slides ; ladders ; 
winding machinery ; safety appliances ; man engine. 

Pfinciples of Employment. Day wages ; contract 
work by weight or measure ; contracts in which men have 
an interest in the value of the mineral extracted ; admin- 
istration, organization and business management ; mine 

Legislation. Special acts relating to mineral laws 
and the working of mines. 

xAccidents. Classification; explanation of the com- 
monest kinds of accidents ; comparison of fatalities at 
different kinds of mines ; comparison of the miner’s 
calling with certain other trades as regards liability to 

Examiriation a7id Vahiatio7i of Mines. 

— 30 — 

Miscellaneous Considerations^ such as the condition 
of workmen, surface plants, useful minerals in different 
parts of the globe, mining statistics, etc. 

Ore Dressing. The lectures on this subject include 
the general principles and theory of ore dressing and the 
mechanical preparation of coal. Washing, packing, 
crushing and sizing ; concentration by various methods ; 
description of typical dressing works and coal-washing 
plants ; magnetic separators ; manufacture of patent fuel. 

Milling. The milling of gold and silver ores will 
receive especial attention in connection with practical 
work in the mining laboratory. Physical and chemical 
properties of gold and of mercury, amalgam, rock-break- 
ers, grizzlies, mortar box and its accessories, screens, dies, 
the stamp, tappet, stem, head, shoe, cam shaft, cams, 
cam curve, power, frames, guides, water supply, bins, 
general arrangement, ore feeders. Arrastra, Huntington 
Mill. Amalgamation, inside plates, copper tables, mer- 
cury wells, amalgam traps, loss of mercury ; riffles, 
blankets, buddies, vanners, sizing, spitzkasten. Treat- 
ment of concentrates, amalgamation, chlorination, smelt- 
ing, cyanidation : cleaning up, treatment of amalgam, 
cleaning, retorting and melting. Modes of treatment, 
cost of milling, general considerations. Sampling and 
assaying of ore, tailings, concentrates and bullion. W^ashoe 
process for silver ores ; the dry process for rebellious 
silver ores. 

At the conclusion of the course there is an excursion 
lasting several days to some mining district. 

The student who wishes to pass in mining should 
spend the summer vacations of his second and third years 
in actual practical work underground, so as to have a 
general knowledge of the subject before attending the 
lectures. At the commencement of the mining course, 
each student should furnish a statement showing what 
practical work he has done at mines. This statement 
should be signed by the managers of the mines at which 
he has worked. 

— 31 — 

In the final examination in mining, regard will be 
had to the proficiency of the student in assaying and in 
surveying ; no student can pass in mining unless he has 
qualified in these two subjects. 


Practical instruction is carried on in mine surveying, 
including the following subjects : 

I. The measurement of distances. 

II. The miner’s dial, and its application to surveying, both 
at the surface and underground. 

III. The variation of the magnetic needle. 

IV. Surveying with the magnetic needle in the presence 
of iron. 

V. Surveying with the fixed needle. 

VI. The German dial. 

VII. The theodolite. 

VIII. Traversing underground. 

IX. Surface surveys with the theodolite. 

X. Plotting surveys. 

XI. Calculation of acres. 

XII. Levelling. 

XIII. Connection of the underground and surface surveys. 

Special attention is given to field work. 


Lecturer: N. F. Dupuis, M.A., F.R.S.C. 

Workshop Instructor : 

The instruction in mechanism is both theoretical and 
practical, and is given by means of lectures and the study 
of the actions of models, and by construction of machines, 
or their parts, in the mechanical workshop. 

The lectures include the subjects of wheels, screws, 
belts, etc. The resolution of motion, cranks, and eccen- 
trics, levers, link- work, and joint movements. Conver- 
sion of reciprocating into rotatory motion and conversely. 
The teeth of wheels, trains of wheels and computations ; 
aggregate movement and miscellaneous contrivances. 

Special machines are considered in some detail ; such 
as the clock, the steam engine, the steam pump, the lathe. 

— 32 — 

the dynamo, and the motor, and various other and less 
important ones. 

The teaching in the mechanical workshop conj-i-ts of 
instruction in wood- working and in metal-working, in 
turning and in general workshop operations. Students 
will be required to make patterns in wood ; and also to 
make models and parts of models in both wood and metal ; 
and in each session the more advanced students will be 
set to work to construct in detail some prominent or 
important machine. 


Professor: R. Carr Harris, C.E. 

P'otirth Year. 

Applied statics ; testing of materials ; properties of 
materials ; designing and executing of engineering struc- 
tures; construction of railways, canals, highways for 
common roads, and electric ways. 


Lecturer: Wm. Mason. 

First Year. 

Drawing instruments and materials ; descriptive 
geometry ; projection ; tinting and lettering ; topograph- 
ical drawing. 

Second Year. 

Machine drawing ; graphical statics ; designing. 

Books for reference — Y)3i\’\\Ys Linear Drawing and Projection ; 
Davidson’s Practical Perspective ; Davidson’s Drawing 
for Machinist; Cry er & Jordan’s Machine Construction 
and Mechanical Drawing; Thorne’s Mechanical Drawing. 

In each year, attendance of at least eight hours a 
week is required. 


Lecturer: Win. Masori. 

First and Second Years. 

Plane, topographical, and railway surveying ; calcu- 
lations ; maps and scales ; topographical drawing ; use 
and adjustment of surveying instruments ; methods of 
surveying ; field work. 

— 33 — 

Third and Fourth Years. 

Plans, profiles, and cross sections ; estimates of 
quantities ; methods of contracting and contract payments. 
(See also under Mining Engineering.') 

Books for reference — Gillespie’s Land Surveying; Trautwine’s 
Engineer’s Pocket-Book. 

The Classes in English, Mathematics, Physics and 
Animal Biology are taken in Queen’s University. 


Professor : James Cappon, M.A. 

Tutor: W. Peck, M.A. 

1. Pra6tical course in Rhetoric and Composition. 

2. Ledtures on style in connection with the study of pas- 

sages from Bacon, Jeremy Taylor, Sir Thomas 
Browne, Addison, Johnson, Burke, Macaulay. 

3. A detailed study (in class) of the following works : 

Chaucer, Prologue to Canterbury Tales. 

Shakespeare, Julius Caesar. 

Carlyle, Essay on Burns. 


Professor : Nathan F. Dupuis, M.A., F.B.S., Edin. 
Tutor: Anna Etta Reid, M.A. 

First Year. 

The theory and practice of Algebra to the binomial theorem 
inclusive. Dupuis’ Algebra ; the first thirteen chapters. 

Geometrv of the point line, and circle in the plane. Parts 
I. and II. of Dupuis’ S3mthetic Geometry. 

Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, at 3 p.m. 

(2nd term). Plane Trigonometry preceding De Moivre’s 
theorem —Problems and applications. 

Tuesdays and Thursdays at 10 a.m. 

Second Year. 

(ist term). Synthetic Solid Geometry. (Dupuis’). 

(2nd term). Spherical Trigonometry. 

Thursdays at 3 p.m. 

Higher Algebra. (P'irst course). 

Tuesdays at 4 p.m. 

— 34 — 

Third Year. 

Elementary Co-ordinate Geometry. 

Mondays at ii a.m. 

Elementary Differential and Integral Calculus. 

Thursdays at ii a.m. 


Professor: D. H. Marshall, M.A., F.R.S.E. 

Tutor : S. A. Mitchell, M.A. 

Junior and Senior Classes. 

I^ectures and Experiments are given in the following 
subjects : 

Properties of Matter. 

Extension — Inertia — Mass — Density — Gravitation — Specific 
weight — Weight of gases — Molecular forces — Energy. 


Kinematics — Statics of solids and fluids — Kinetics of solids 
and fluids. 


Thermometry — Calorimetry (Specific and Latent Heats) — 
Hygrometry — Transference of heat (Condudtion and 
Radiation) — Dynamical theory of heat. 


General laws of Radiant Energy — Geometrical Optics — 
Physical Optics — Construction and use of Optical Instru- 
ments — Spectrum analysis. 


Physical Theory of Music — Optical methods of studying 
vibratory motions. 


With special reference to terrestrial magnetism. 


Frictional Electricity — Voltaic Electricity — Thermo-Elec- 
tricity — Magneto-Electricity — Electro-Magnetism — Dia- 
Magnetism — Electro-Dynamics. 

— 35 — 

Algebra, Geometry, and Trigonometry are applied to the 
solution of problems, and weekly exercises are given throughout 
the session. 

'Marshall’s Introduction to the Science of Dy- 
namtes, parts I. and II. (to be obtained from the Regis- 
trar, price ^i.oo for each part). 

The following books should be used in connection 
with the lectures : 

Deschanel’s Natural Philosophy or Ganot’s Physics. 

Chambers’ Mathematical Tables. 

Junior Phvsics — Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, at lo a.m. 
Senior Physics — Tuesdays and Thursdays, at lO a.m. 

Third Year. 


Dupuis’ Geometrical Optics or Aldis’ Geometrical Optics. 


Professor: A. P. Knight, M.A., M.D. 

Tutor: D. Cunningham, B.A., M.D. 

The course in this subject lasts from the ist of 
October to the end of January. Lectures will be given 
on Mondays, Tuesdays and Wednesdays, lo to ii a.m. 
For laboratory work, the class will be divided into two 
sections, one of which will be taken on Thursdays, 
lo to 12 M., and the other on Fridays, lo to 12 m. 

The lectures treat of protoplasm, cells, cell division, 
reproduction, early stages of development, tissues, organs, 
differences between animals and plants, general view of 
in vertebra ta and of vertebrata. 

The laboratory work consists of such dissections and 
demonstrations as will elucidate the subjects of the lec- 
tures. The lectures are illustrated by diagrams, charts, 
and lantern transparencies. 

Text-book — Campbell’s Introduction to the Study of Elementary 
Biology. (Macmillan & Co.) 

- 36 - 


The School is now provided with a mining laboratofy 
and experimental reduction works, which is furnished 
with a stamp mill, a concentrator, a sample grinder, rolls 
and other machines with which ores are treated at the 
mines. In selecting these machines, local and provincial 
as well as general conditions have been kept in view. The 
machines are of sufficient size to operate upon large 
quantities of ore ; and those opening up mines are invited 
to send in large samples of ore (a ton is a good sample) to 
be put through a milling process in order to test the 
suitability of the process for their ores. In this way 
costly mistakes may be avoided. The value of the mill 
in this respect has already been shown in several instances. 

The mining laboratory is a distinctive feature of well- 
equipped mining schools. The various operations of 
crushing, stamping, grinding, amalgamating, concentra- 
ting, sampling, and assaying are, by its aid, studied in 
such a way as to give the student a lively appreciation of 
the difficulties to be overcome and the care necessary in 
these operations. 

The plant of the mining laboratory will be added to 
as circumstances render additions advisable. 


The School offers to mine foremen, assayers, pros- | 
pectors, and mining men generally, special courses of j 
instruction, beginning January 8th, 1896, and continuing 
eight weeks as follows : 

1. Chemistry. — A course of ledfures illustrated by experi- 

ments, and forming an introduction to the study of mineralogy, i 
geology, and assaying. ( 

2. Mineralogy. — Ledtures dealing with the general prin- I 

ciples of mineralogy, and accompanied by practice in identifying !| 
minerals by field tests* j| 

-- 37 — 

3- Geology. — Le(?tures on the elements of geology, with 
illustrations from the geology of Ontario. Ore deposits will claim 
^ special attention. 

I 4. Lithology. — The character and modes of occurrence 
; of rocks generally — Examination of hand specimens — Special 
■ attention will be given to the crystalline rocks of Ontario, the 
I more typical mineral-bearing rocks being well represented by 
specimens in the colledtion. 

[ 5. Discovery and Winning of Ores. — This course will be 

of particular interest to mining men and prospectors, as it will 
deal with the application of the principles of chemistry, mechanics, 
mineralogy and geology to the discovery and winning of valuable 
i minerals, and to the usual methods and machinery in vogue to 
open up the deposits, and exploit and prepare the ore. 

I 6. Milling. — The class will have opportunities of learning 
in the minin^^ laboratory the use of crushers, stamp mills, and 
other machinery. 

7. Blowpiping. — A practical course intended to give facility 
in the use of the blowpipe for the identification of minerals. 

! 8 . Assaying. — Opportunities will be given for practice in 

furnace methods, particularly in the use of the portable assay 

9. Mining Law. — Elements of customary contracts relat- 
ing to mines. Examination of title. The Ontario Mines ACt. 
Liabilities for injuries to workmen. 

10. Drawing. — The elements of mechanical and free-hand 
drawing as applied to surveys of mining claims and mines, to 
mining plant, &c. 

II. Advanced Work. — Those who are prepared for such 
work may attend (without charge) leCtures on the chemistry of 
fuels, ores, fluxes and furnaces, and on advanced mineralogy and 
geology. Every facility will be given for work in the chemical, 
mineralogical, petrographical, and assay laboratories. 

Fees. — Every student must pay a registration fee of one 
dollar. For all the elementary courses (No. i to g inclusive) a 
fee of ten dollars will be charged ; for any one of them two 
dollars. Fees for the use of the laboratories for advanced work 
will be in proportion to the number of hours a week ; but not to 
exceed eight dollars. 

Other Expenses. — Good board can be had in the city at 
, from $3.00 to $4.00 a week. The other items of expense (for 
books, &c.,) need not be large. 

- 38 - 


The School of Mining will send lecturers to mining 
centres to conduct classes in Elementary Chemistry, Min- 
eralogy, and Geology as applied to the discovery and 
winning of valuable minerals. Sets of apparatus and 
chemicals will be provided, and those attending these 
classes will have an opportunity of learning to use the 
blowpipe for the detection of minerals, and to make silver 
and gold assays with the blowpipe and with a portable 
furnace. For further particulars address 

Wm. Mason, 

Bursar School of Mining, Kingston. 


A Summer School of Science for public and high 
school teachers, and others, will be opened on July lOth, 
1895, and continue in session four weeks. 

The lectures and demonstrations will be given by 
members of the staff of Queen’s University and of the 
School of Mining and Agriculture. 

The object of the School is two-fold ; first, to give to j 
public school and other teachers an opportunity of study- | 
ing the chemistry, mineralogy, geology, botany and zoology j 
of the farm, as recommended by the Department of Edu- j 
cation ; and, secondly, to enable teachers who cannot t 
attend the University during the winter session to prepare j 
for the practical part of the specialists’ examination and j 
the University examinations in the subjects mentioned. j 

The course for public school teachers will extend 
over two weeks and will consist of courses of lectures, , 
illustrated by experiments, specimens and lantern views ; , 
and of practical work in which the students may become * 
acquainted with experimental chemistry, mineralogy, , 
field geology and botany. Those who wish may continue 
the practical work two weeks more. Excursions will be 
made for the purpose of studying the interesting geologi- 1 

— 39 — 

cal features of the region about Kingston, and of collect- 
ing and identifying plants. 

Che?nistry and Physics. A course of ten lectures deal- 
ing with the principles of chemistry and physics. The 
subjects will be taken up in an elementary way, with illus- 
trations drawn from everyday life, the aim being to show 
the relation of chemistry and physics to the phenomena of 
plant and animal life, the fertility of soils, and other sub- 
jects of general interest. 

Geology and Mineralogy, A course of ten lectures 
and demonstrations to illustrate the properties of common 
minerals, to show how these minerals are built up into 
rocks, and the rocks disposed in the various layers, &c., 
which compose the earth’s crust. 

Botany. A course of ten lectures on plant life and 
plant structure. 

Zoology. A course of ten lectures on animal life, in- 
cluding the elements of human physiology. 

Fees. For lectures, $4.00; for registration, $i. 00. 


The laboratories of the School of -Mining and of 
Queen’s University will be open to high school teachers 
and others for the practical study of chemical analysis, 
crystallography, botany, and animal biology. Short 
courses of lectures will be given on such subjects as may 
best meet the wants of the teachers attending the school. 

Fees. The fee for the whole course will be $6.00; 
registration $1.00. 


Mr. W. Bruce Carruthers has established a scholar- 
ship of the value of two hundred dollars annually, to be 
awarded to the student who shows himself most capable 
of giving assistance in the department of mining. The 
scholarship may be held for more than one session. The 
conditions of award will be made known on application to 
the Bursar. For session 1894-95, the Scholarship was 
awarded to P. Norman Nissen, of Halifax, N.S. 

=- 40 — 


It is desired to make the collections of this School as 
complete and representative as possible of the mineral 
resources of Canada. Specimens sent to the School will 
be named free of charge. Good specimens presented to 
the School will be labelled with the name of the donor 
and the locality, and will be preserved for reference. 

Samples under 25 lbs. in weight may be sent by 
express ; over that weight, by freight. 

Specimens should be addressed to the Professor of 
Mineralogy, or to the kecturer on Geology, School of 
Mining, Kingston, Ont. 


1. Calcite, Graphic Granite and Mica. From Mr. Louis 
H. Chaperon, Murray Bay Mica Mine, Que. 

2. Gold Quartz. From Mr. John H. Anderson, Musquodo- 
boit Harbour, N. S. 

3. Apatite, Beryl, Titanite, &c., from Sebastopol and Bru- 
denell Townships, Renfrew Co., Ont. From Mr. Alex. Parks, 
Eganville, Ont. 

4. Gold Ore. From Mr. O. C. Wilbur, Sonora, California. 

5. Nova Scotia Coals, Nova Scotia Fossils, &c. From Mr. 
John Corbett, Montreal. 

6. Chrome Iron Ore. From Dr. Reed, Black Lake, Que. 

7. Gold Ores, &c. From Mr. E. C. Rothwell, Yarnell, 

8- Diatomaceous Earth found in Webb’s Lake, Cumberland 
Co., N.S. Indian Arrow-head (White Quartz) found in Bale 
Verte River, Westmoreland Co., N.B. From Mr. E. P. Good- 
win, Bale Verte, N.B. 

9. Silver Lead Ores from Slocan Mining District, B.C. 
From Mr. Hennessey, Wolfe Island. 

10. Cabinet containing Ores and Furnace produ6ts from 
Ferrona, N.S. Apatite from various localities. Compressed 
Peat Fuel. Fireman’s Asbestos Suit, and many useful articles 
manufactured from Asbestos. Gojd Ores from Nova Scotia. 
Mica (White India, Ruby India and N. Carolina). Mineral 
Paint manufactured at Limehouse, Ont. Model of Oil-Drilling 

— 41 — 

Derrick. Large and valuable colledtion of Minerals. From 
Mr. B. T. A. Bell, Canadian Mining Review, Ottawa. 

11. Cabinet containing Iron Ores and Pig Iron, manufa6tured 
at Radnor, Que. From the Canada Iron Furnace Co., Limited. 

12. A 20 H. P. Robb-Armstrong Steam Engine. From Robb 
Engineering Co., Amherst, N.S. 

13. Diammnd Drill Bit, Corelifter, &c. Erom Sullivan Ma- 
chinery Co., Chicago, 111 . 

14. Machinery Oil. Erom Vacuum Oil Co., Toronto. 


1. Publications of the Geological and Natural History Sur- 
vey of Canada; Reports, Maps, Catalogues, &c., from 184710 
1893. Prom the Dominion Government. 

2. United States Geological Survey Annual Reports, i8go-gi 
(2 vols.), 1891-92 (3 vols.) ; Monographs xix, xxi, xxii ; Bulletins 
96 to 117: Mineral Resources, 1892 and 1893; Mineral Re- 
sources (Dayl 1893. From the United States Geological Sur- 
vey, Washington, D.C. 

3. Geological Survey of Arkansas Annual Report for i8go 
(3 vols. and i vol. of Maps). From Sec’y State, Little Rock, 

4. Geological Survey of New Jersey Annual Report for 1893, 
with Maps. From Geological Survey Department, Trenton, 
New Jersey. 

5. Geological and Natural History Survey of Minnesota 
Annual Reports from 1872 to 1893, 6 vols. and 15 pamphlets. 
PTom Geological Survey Department of Minnesota. 

6. Geological Survey of Texas, eleven pamphlets. PTom 
Department of State, Austin, Texas. 

7. Proceedings of the Rochester Academy of Science, four 
pamphlets (Brochures of 1890-93), From Rochester Academy 
of Science, Rochester, N.Y. 

8. Eight Volumes on Chemistry, Metallurgy, and Treat- 
ment of Ores. From Chas. Alger, Esq., Hudson, N.Y. 

9. Annual Report of Board of Health of Massachusetts 
for 1894. 

10. Report of Ninth Annal Meeting of Executive Health 
Officers of Ontario. 

11. A large collection of valuable books, pamphlets, and 
maps on mining subjects. From B. T. A. Bell, Ottawa. 

— 42 — 

12. Volume of 49 Catalogues. From Fraser & Chalmers, 
Chicago, 111 . 

13. Treatises on Surveying and Levelling Instruments ; and 
on Mathematical Drawing and Measuring Instruments (2 vols.) 
From the author, Wm. F. Stanley, London, Eng. 

14. Report of the Department of Mines, Nova Scotia, for 
year ending 30th September, 1894. From Commissioner of 
Works and Mines, N.S. 

15. Papers of the Engineering Society of the School of 
Pradtical Science, Toronto, No. 7, 1893-94. 

16. “North-West Mining Review,” Spokane, Wash. 

17. “ Mining Review,” Denver Col. 

18. “ Canadian Engineer,” Toronto. 

19. Blue Print of Engine, with two Photographs. From 
Robb Engineering Co., Amherst, N.S. 

— 43 — 


Junior Chemistry. 

Donnelly, Jr. T. S. Scott, B.A. 

Senior Chemistry. 

Reginald Instant. Geo. D. Campbell. 

H. S. Baher. P. Norman Nissen. 

J. Donnelly, Jr. 

Chemistry of Metals. 

W. Lavell. 


Reginald Instant. H. C. Mabee. 

Mineralogy and Blowpiping. 

G. D. Campbell. J. Donnelly. 

Systematic Mineralogy. 

H. C. Mabee. R. A. Instant. 

G. D. Campbell. 

Qualitative Analysis. 

R. A. Instant. 

Quantitative Analysis and Assaying. 

H. C. Mabee. Jno. Donnelly. 

Second Year Geology. 

H. C. Mabee. J. Donnelly. 

Third Year Geology. 

R. A. Instant. 

Ore Deposits (Only). 

H. C. Mabee. J. Donnelly. 

Drawing. — First Year. 

C. LeG. Fortescue. Thos. S. Scott, B-A. 

Horace C. Mabee. John S. Potter. 

— 44 — 

Drawing. — Second Year. 

Geo. D. Campbell. Walter Lavell. 

Surveying. — First Year. 

John S. Potter. Joel W. Mitchell. 

McL. Geo. Spotswood. 

Prospectors’ Class. 

The following received certificates : — 

Samuel F. V. Campbell, Kingston. 

William Hall, Woodstock. 

W. C. P. Heathcote, Peterborough. 

Hamilton Lindsay, Kingston. 

Edw. C.*^Musgrave, Duncans, B.C. 

John Newlands, Kingston. 

Eldon H. Pixley, Sydenham. 

McL. George Spotswood, Kingston. 

Andrew Waddell, Goderich. 

Geo. H. Williams. Cataraqui. 



School of Agriculture. 


— 47 — 


The School of Mining and Agriculture, Kingston, 
Ont., aided by the Departments of Agriculture of the 
Dominion and the Province of Ontario, opened its Dairy 
School on Thursday, December 13th, 1894. 

The School was under the management of Jas. W. 
Robertson, Dominion Dairy Commissioner ; and one of 
his assistants, J. A. Ruddick, was resident superinten- 
dent and instructor. He was assisted by T. A. Zufelt, 
instructor in butter making, and G. G. Publow, instructor 
in cheese making. 

There was a series of eight regular counses, specially 
for cheesemakers and buttermakers who had the experience 
of working for at least one season atone of these branches. 
Bach course included practical instruction, for two weeks, 
in either cheese making and the testing of milk, or butter 
making and the testing of milk. A student was allowed 
to take both courses. The School was open equally to 
male and female students. 

In addition to the practical demonstrations and illus- 
trations in the School, a course of evening lectures was 
given on the following subjecfts : 

“Chemistry of Dairying,” by Professor James, Deputy 
Minister of Agriculture. 

“ Carbonic Acid ; its relation to the Mineral, Plant and 
Animal World,” by Prof. Goodwin. 

“ Clay and its Silvery Metal,” by Prof. Goodwin. 

“ How Flowers make Insedts work for them,” by Prof. 
James Fowler. 

“ Rocks and what they are made of,” by Mr. W. G.. Miller. 

“Entomology, a branch of Pradtical Agriculture,” by Mr. 
James Fletcher, of the Experimental Farm, Ottawa. 

“ Asbestos and Mineral Wool,” by Professor Nicol. 

“ Color in Chemical Study,” T. L. Walker, M.A. 

“Social Life of Animals,” by A. P. Knight, M.A. 

“ Beet Root Sugar,” by Mr. Robert Lawder. 

“The Cheeses of the World,” by Professor Ruddick. 

“ Nitrogen,” by Professor Goodwin. 

- 48 - 


The Dairy School building is located almost in the 
centre of the city, and good board and lodging can be had 
in its vicinity at prices ranging from $2.50 to $3.00 per 
week. On reaching the city, students should take the 
street cars from the railway station and ask the conductor 
to let them off at the corner of Barrie and Union streets, 
near the school building. 


The building is a model cheese and butter factory 
combined. It was planned in part by Professor Dupuis, 
after vi, si ting the one at the Guelph College, and completed 
in its details by Professor Robertson, the Dominion Dairy 
Commissioner. The equipment includes a 20 horse power j 
engine, 3 kinds of separators, and the newest and most 
approved apparatus for cheese making, butter making, 
and milk testing . Most of the machinery is driven by steam . 


The lectures on the subjects taught are given in the 
building immediately adjoining the factory, and occur 
every morning at nine o’clock. These lectures are 
always subordinate to the main purpose of the school, 
which is to teach by demonstrations, and by requiring 
each student, in turn, to take part in the actual operation 
of making butter and cheese. From 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. is 
devoted to this practical work. 


The Board of Governors hope to have the school | 
under the same staff of instructors next winter as it had | 
during the past session. The exact dates of the opening 
of each course will be announced early in the autumn. 
Meanwhile applicants for admission may file their appli- 
cations up to November, 1895, with Mr. William Mason, 
the Bursar, and after that time may send them direct toi 
the Superintendent. j 

The school will open the second week in December,! 
1895, and close the first week in April, 1896. 

— 49 — 


The only requisite for admission is that the student 
must be at least i 6 years of age. 


The charge for instruction and registration, is the 
fee of $ 2 . 00 , payable to the Bursar, at the beginning of 
the course. 

The following are the names of the students who at- 

tended the school during the 

Name and P.O. Address. 

Armstrong, H, T., Manotick, Ont. 
Breman, Wm.,Deseronto, 
Berlanguet, J. W., Admaston, “ 
Buell, A. W., Caintown, “ 

Brown, Lester, Athens, 
Blanchard, L. F., Athens, 
Babcock, A., Wilton, 

Buro, J., Milleroches, “ 

Bryyere, A., Embrun, 

Burwash, j.F., Brewer’s Mills, “ 
Bowers, D. Renfrew, “ 

Campbell, Geo. D., Renfrew, “ 
Cramer, J., Glenvale, “ 

Cook, J. L., Warburton, 
Cochrane, Chas., Sunbury, 
Culbert, B., Athens, “ 

Cochrane, Wm., Glenburnie, “ 
Currie, A. P., Vancouver, B. C. 
Chuthem, S. S., Morton, Ont. 
Clark, Jas. F., Balderson, 
Cochrane, R. B., Glenburnie, “ 
Davy, G. L., Murvale, “ 

Dean, W. N., Moira, 

Dean, J., Moira, “ 

Dougherty, Jas., Elginburgh, “ 
Dicks, C. H., Lennoxville, Que. 
Embury, Thos.,Thomasburg, Ont. 
Eastman, Thos. , Metcalfe, 

Elliott, R., Carp, " 

Echlin, John, Balderson, 

Fairfield, H. E., Belleville, 

Ferris, Miss E. M., Elginburg, “ 
Free, H, R., Cold Springs, " 

past winter : 

Name and P.O. Address. 

Fitch, U., Boonville, N.Y. 

Ferrier, A, A., Scotch Line, Ont. 
Fitzgerald, Wm., Yarker, “ 
Greer, H. J., Brock ville, 

Gould, Peter, Napanee, 

Glover, Hugh, Jones’ Falls, 
Glasgow, W. C., Cunnamore, “ 
Gibson, G. M., Douglas, “ 

George, John, Cataraqui, 

Gagner, Jos., Embrun, “ 

Guthrie, Wm., Perth Road, 
Guthrie, Miss M., Perth Road, “ 
Hogan, James, Mt. Chesney, “ 
Hurst, G. A., Gananoque, “ 
Henderson, Jno., Winchester, “ 
Herity, A., Moir, 

Hutcheson, J.B.,Sharbot Lake, “ 
Hill, Wm., Frankville, “ 

Hall, Wm., Woodstock, 

Hardy, R. A., Bowerville, “ 
Johnston, J. F., Kepler, “ 

Jackson, Simeon, Huntington, “ 
Keenan, J. J., Kingston, " 

King, D. L., Sydenham, 

Kearney, Joseph, Morton, “ 
Kenney, Jos., Kingston, “ 

Keefe, D. O., Elgin, “ 

Leroux, G., Summerstown, 
Lappin, J. J., Melcombe, 

Loverin, E. W. Greenbush, 
Lennan, Barney, Godfrey, 
Lowergan, J. J., Wark worth, “ 
Morton, H,, Moira, “ 

— 50 — 

Name and P.O, Address. 
Morgan, J. E., Kingston, Ont, 

Murphy, P. J., Bogart, 

Mercer, J., Mallorytown, “ 
McNeil, E. L., Lansdowne, 
McCann, J. D., Perth, 

McDonald, J. A., Admaston, “ 
McAlonan, Jos., Seeley’s Bay, “ 
McDonald, Wm. , St. Lawrence, “ 
McConnell, J.D., Dominion ville,“ 
McNamee, James, Stanleyville, “ 
McDonald H. A., Sunbury, 
McCowan, D., Maxville, 

McRae C. F., Moore Creek, “ 
Nolan, Peter, Phillipsville, 
Newman, J. W., Spencerville, “ 
Newman, Wm., Prescott, 
Pennock, J., Hartington, “ 

Paterson, Thos. J., Sunbury, “ 
Porter, Geo., Elginburg, 

Redden, Ed., Portsmouth, “ 
Ren wick. Geo., Lang, 

Raney, Neil, Mainsville, “ 

Rice, F. A., Currie’s Crossing, “ 
Rone, Fred, Mt. Chesney, “ 

Name and P.O. Address. 
Stafford, W. W., Lansdowne, Ont. 
Stanley, R. J., Morton, 

Smith, P. L., Haley’s Station, “ 
Spowart, Thos., Stella, 

Scollard, Jas., Ashdod, “ 

Stringer, M. P., Sand Bay, 
Stringer, M. G., Sand Bay, 
Suthall, David, Mt. Chesney, “ 
Storms, C. B., Wilton, “ 

Smith, J. E., Sunbury, 

Sinclair, J. C., Brandon, Man. 
Somerville, F. J., Morton, Ont. 
Tehan, M., Westport, “ 

Totten, H., Renfrew, “ 

Trousdale, P. W., Sydenham, “ 
Thurston, R. M., Dunsford, “ 
Thompson, J., Gananoque, “ 
Wilson, James, Carswell, 
Wellborn, Miss G., Kingston, “ 
Ward, R. W., Wallbridge, 
White,, F., Sidney Crossing, 
Webster, M. G., Kingston, “ 
Wilson, Wm., Renfrew, 

Walroth, J. W., Maberly, 


Frontenac 32 Students. 

Leeds 21 

Hastings 10 

Renfrew 10 

Lanark 6 

Carleton 4 

Glengarry 3 

Grenville 3 

Stormont 3 

Lennox 3 

Oxford 2 

Russell 2 

Northumberland 2 

Victoria i Student, 

Peterboro i 

Addington i 

Dundas i 

Manitoba i 

British Columbia i 

Quebec i 

New York State i 



— 51 — 



Course Beginning 


No. of Students. 


No. of Students. 

December 13th, 1894. 



December 27th, 1894. 



January loth, 1895. 



January 24th, 1895. 


14 ■ 

February 7th, 1895. 



February 21st, 1895. 



March 7th, 1895. 



March 21st, 1895. 





I Student remained at the School 


i t 



3 “ .. . 

The average stay was 4 weeks, 



— 52 — 



The object in establishing this department of the 
School of Mining and Agriculture is twofold : (i) to give 
to students such a knowledge of the diseases of domestic 
animals as will enable its graduates to practice the pro 
fession of Veterinary Surgeons, and (2) to give to farmers ^ 
sons and stock raisers 'Such an elementary knowledge o 
Veterinary Science as will enable them to treat their stocl 
intelligently, breed them scientifically, and in case 0 ! 
serious sickness administer temporary relief until i | 
regularly qualified Veterinary Surgeon can be sent for. ij 

In trying to accomplish these objects, the teaching ^ 
staff will endeavor to lay a broad foundation by imparting 
as thorough a knowledge as possible of comparative 
anatomy, physiology and pathology. The latter subjec 
will receive special attention because some contagiou: 
diseases are common to man and to the domestic animals 
and other diseases which are not contagious, but causec 
by an animal’s surroundings, develop similar symptom: J 
and run a similar course in the lower animals as in man 



The building in which the didactic lectures on veteri 
nary anatomy and diseases of animals will be delivered " 
stands at the corner of Barrie and Clergy streets and 
with the grounds is the gift of the city to the School 0 
Mining and Agriculture. The property was valued a | 
$20,000. The main building consists of ample claSi**' 
rooms, a waiting room and reading room. I 


Geo. W. Bell, V.S., V.D., Professor of Diseases of the Domesti J 
Animals and Superintendent of Infirmany. 

W. Nichol, V.S., Professor of Veterinary Anatomy. | 

Wm. L. Goodwin, B.Sc. (Lond.), D.Sc. (Edin.), F.R.S.C., PreU 
fessor of Chemistry School of Mining and Agriculture 1 1; 





John Herald, M.A., M.D., Professor of Materia Medica and 
Therapeutics in Queen’s University. 

A. P. Knight, M.A., M.D., Professor of Animal Biology in 
Queen’s University. 

iW. T. Connell, M.D., F.R.C.S., Eng., Professor of Pathology 
I in Queen’s University. 


All students are required to register at the beginning 
Df each session. 

Students are admitted and allowed to go on with their 
Kofessional studies without being subje(5led to any ex- 
amination in general knowledge, but before presenting 
^Jiemselves for the first professional examination they will 
oe required to undergo an examination on the following 
subjects : 

j I. Reading. 

2. Arithmetic, the Simple Rules and Fractions. 

: 3. Ability to write a letter or essay on a given subjei^. 

I 4. Elementary English History and Canadian Geography. 

j Candidates for admission who present -certificates <jf 
having passed any of the examinations of the Education 
Department of Ontario, or any College or University ex- 
imination, or a certificate from a public school inspedlor 
)r teacher of having passed the promotion examination of 
^he 4 th class of a public school, will be exempt from the 
kbove examination. 

The authorities of the School retain the right of 
efusing to admit any intending student whose character 
vill not bear investigation, and of refusing to re-admit 
my student who during the previous session has not 
Conducted himself to their satisfaction. 

j FEES. 

pirst Session, Tuition Fee, including dissedting material ..$60 06 
second Session, Tuition Fee, including dissecting material 60 00 
degree of V.S 10 00 

Attendance for a third session or part of a Session , 

— 54 -^ 

All fees are payable in advance, and must be paid by 
the students personally as they enrol, or be directly re- 
mitted by their parents or guardians to the Bursar, William 
Mason, Esq. 

Board can be obtained at from $2.50 to $3.50 per week. 

Occasional students are not required to undergo any 
examinations. They will be allowed to attend any one 
class on payment of a fee of $12.00 per session. 

Students are required to take the junior chemistry 
class in the School of Mining. The lectures are given in 
the John Carruthers Science Hall, near the University 
buildings. The lectures in animal biology and physio- 
logy, materia medica and therapeutics, histology and 
pathology are the same as those for students in medicine, 
and are delivered in the medical building of the Univer- 
sity at the hours specified in the time table. 

The infirmary for sick animals and the dissecting 
room for instruction and study in practical anatomy will 
be under the direction of Professor Bell and will be located 
on his farm at the head of Princess street. 


The period of study extends over two winter sessions 
and includes a full course of lectures and demonstrations 
on the following subjects : Anatomy, chemistry, animal 
biology, including physiology, materia medica and thera- 
peutics, normal and pathological histology, diseases of, 
domestic animals, including veterinary dentistry and com- 
parative pathology. 

Students must attend at least 75 per cent, of the 
lectures on these subjects during both sessions. I 

Practical anatomy will be taught daily in the dissect- 
ing room under the superintendence of the professors or ] 
demonstrators. A certificate, stating the amount of dissect- ! 
ing done, will be given to each student at the close of the 
session, and no student will be allowed to present himself || 
for his second professional examination until he has dis- 1 
sected the horse’s body at least once. | 

'- 55 — 

All students during their course will be required to 
discharge in turn the duties of dressers, prosectors, dis- 
pensers and visitors. 


At the end of each winter session there shall be an 
extra course of instruction (open to second year students), 
extending from April to June, and devoted specially to 
clinical medicine, clinical surgery and particularly to den- 
tistry. This latter branch of veterinary science has be- 
come very important in recent years, and Dr. Bell has 
devoted much time to its study and practice. 

The fee to be paid for this course by students of this 
department of the school will be $25.00, but attendance is 
entirely optional and not necessary for graduation. The 
fee to students and graduates of other veterinary colleges 
will be $40.00. 


Before being awarded the degree in veterinary science 
a student must pass two professional examinations, one at 
the end of the first session and one at the end of the 

The subjects of the first professional examination 
shall be materia medica, anatomy (the bones and liga- 
ments of the common domesticated animals) animal 
biology and junior chemistry. 

The subjects of the second professional examination 
are anatomy, junior physiology, materia medica and 
therapeutics, diseases of domestic animals and pathology. 

Graduates or undergraduates in arts, science or medi- 
cine of any university in Canada or the United States, 
and graduates or undergraduates of a college of pharmacy, 
dentistry or agriculture, who have attended courses of 
lectures, and passed examinations equivalent to those re- 
quired by the curriculum of this school will be allowed to 
graduate on completing the curriculum, paying the re- 
quired class fees and passing the final examination. 

- 56 - 


The lectures have been so arranged as to allow ample 
time for practical work under the direction of the veteri- 
nary staff, such as patient visiting, clinical instruction, 
examination of horses as to soundness, surgical operations, 
post mortem examinations, practical examination of feet 
for lameness, etc. 

The veterinary praClice in connection with the school 
infirmary for sick animals, and in connection with the 
private practice of the professors, will be such as to afford 
ample opportunities for students to obtain a good practical 
knowledge of their profession. 

All the medicines used in the practice of the Infirmary 
will be compounded by the students under the direction 
of the professors. They are required to praCtice during 
the summer vacation under the supervision of a qualified 

Students will be allowed to visit the museum of the 
medical faculty of Queen’s University, and may borrow 
books from the university library under the usual univer- 
sity regulations. 

For further particulars apply to the bursar, William 
Mason, Esq., School of Mining and Agriculture, or to 
Dr. G. W. Bell, Professor of Diseases of Domestic Animals, 
Kingston, Ont. 


The progress of veterinary medicine, surgery and 
dentistry in Canada and the United States has not kept 
pace with the advances in other branches of science, and 
especially with human medicine. The public have been 
brought to feel strongly the want of men educated in 
veterinary medicine, because of the ravages lately of con- 
tagious diseases, such as epizootic, glanders, pleuro- 
pneumonia, texan-fever, anthrax, swine-plague, chicken- 
cholera, etc. The estimated loss in the United States 
from pleuro-pneumonia alone of more than $10,000,000 
within ten years, shows the great importance of a correcft 

— 57 — 

knowledge of such diseases. The various general diseases 
to which our domestic animals are continually subjecft 
are of no less importance than the contagious diseases. 

The great advances made in knowledge of the 
etiology of the contagious diseases of man, and their 
intimate relation to the contagious diseases in animals, 
open a large and fruitful field for investigation, the 
importance of which can scarcely be over-estimated. It 
has been shown already that several of the diseases of 
man are transmitted to him from the lower animals, and 
it seems probable that the same relations exist with re- 
gard to many others. It is to the veterinarians that science 
looks for the elucidation of these problems. There is a 
large and increasing public demand for intelligent and 
scientific inspection of meat and milk and examination of 
milch-cows. Thus the field of labor for the veterinarian 
is a large and lucrative one, and its scope is constantly 
increasing. The time is not far distant when every cit3" 
of ten thousand population will have a veterinary inspec- 
tor of meats offered for food. It was tuberculosis and 
pleuro-pneumonia that deterred American cattle from 
being shipped to France and Germany in the last year. 
This latter point alone creates a large field for veterinary 
inspectors at every port of entry. 

The post-graduate school commences about April 
5th, or after the veterinary examination is over, and 
is for the purpose of giving graduates special in- 
struction in clinical medicine, surgery, and veterinary 
dentistry, the latter of which is becoming very profitable 
and popular, especially in the United States. This 
special branch is given at the time of year best adapted 
for operations, and when clinical obstetrical cases in mares 
and cows are most numerous. The graduates .shall have 
not only the opportunity of seeing all operations, such as 
spaying mares, cows, bitches, etc., castration in all its 
branches, including the castration of ridgling horses, also 
the operation for roaring or wind-broken horses, string- 
halt or spasmodic jerking of the hind limb, and other 

Operations too numerous to mention, such as the Caesarian 
operation, etc. These operations are all performed under 
anaesthetics, either local or by inhalation, as the case may 
require. At the same time, every graduate shall have 
the privilege of not only seeing but performing all the 
operations that come under veterinary surgery and 
dentistry under the instruction of the best Canadian and 
American skill. 


Students are advised not to buy text-books till after 
consultation with the professor who teaches the subje(5l. 

Anatomy. — Strangeway’s Veterinary Anatomy. 

Physiology. — Foster & Shore’s Elementary Physiology. 

Histology. — Sterling’s. 

Chemistry. — Goodwin’s. 

Medicine and Surgery . — Williams’ Principles and Practice of 
Veterinary Medicine ; Williams’ Surgery ; Fleming’s Veterinary 

Materia Medica. — Dunn’s Veterinary Medicines ; Walley’s 
Veterinary Conspedtus. 

Cattle Diseases. — Steel’s Bovine Pathology ; Carter’s Cattle 

Diseases of the Dog. — Hill. 

Entozoa. — Payne ; Green. 

Dictionary. — Gould’s Medical Dictionary. 

Biology. — Dr. Campbell’s Introduction to Elementary Bi- 
ology (Macmillan & Co.) 


- 59 - 



Biology and 












Biology and 












Biology and 












Biology and 

Jr. Chemistry. 










Biology and 

Jr. Chemistry. 























Hepopts and finaneial Statements. 

- 63 - 

Report of the Kingston School of Mining and Agri- 
culture, Adopted at the Annual Meeting, 

April 18th, 1895. 

Last year’s report told of the foundation of the 
School, of the classes taught in the mining department, 
and of the gift by the City Council of the old collegiate 
i property, which, it was then stated, would enable 
the governors to go on with the erection of a build- 
ing in which practical instruction in cheese and butter 
making would be imparted. This year, we have to tell of 
advance along the lines on which we commenced ; also of 
the building, equipping, and running of a mining labora- 
I tory ; the building, equipping, and running of a dairy 

I school ; the instituting of a summer school for teachers ; 
an effort to open a school of navigation, which did not 
meet with encouragement ; and arrangements perfected 
, to begin a veterinary school next October. 



The following table shows the classes taken by the 
students during the session 1894-5, with the names of the 
teaching staff and the number of students in each class : — 


Professor or No. in 
Lecturer. Class. 

Junior Chemistry Prof. Goodwin. 

Senior Chemistry “ 

Chemistry of Fuel, Ores, Fluxes, &c “ 

Other Departments of Honour Chemistry “ 

Quantitative Analysis “ 

'Analytical Chemistry Dr. Wood. 

I “ “ Summer School “ 

jPradtical Chemistry Mr. Walker. 

Qualitative Analysis “ 

(Mineralogy, ist year Prof. Nicol. 

“ 2nd year.... “ 

“ 3rd year “ 

^Blowpipe Analysis..; “ 

Determinative Mineralogy “ 

ipualitative Analysis (Lectures) “ 

fj^ssaying “ 


















Geology, ist year Prof. Miller. 20 

Petrography, Field Work, &c “ 8 

Economic Geology, Ore Deposits, &c “ 12 

Drawing Mr. Mason. 8 

Elementary Surveying “ 3 

Mining and Milling Mr. H. Merritt. 2 

Prospe(5tors’ Class, Mining and Milling... “ g 

The total number of students in the mining depart- 
ment was 197. Of these, 147 attended during the 
whole session, and 50 took short courses. The fees paid 
by students amounted to $2,023.00, as against $1,740.94 
last year. 

The success of our prospectors’ class and of classes 
in mining centres — where the school was carried to at 
least some of those who could not come to Kingston — was 
so manifest that it was seen that two departments of practical 
mining were needed to solve the questions regarding the 
quantity of ores of economic value in Ontario, and re- 
garding the proper treatment of those ores. The first of 
these questions can be determined only by diamond drill 
boring under scientific direction, and the second by a 
mining laboratory. The attention of the Government 
was called to these necessities and prompt action was 
taken. An excellent diamond drill was bought by the 
Bureau of Mines, and it has 'been operated during the 
winter in the neighborhood of Kingston. Its full value 
to the province will, however, only be had when it u 
worked under governmental scientific direction, andwherj 
the cores are regularly tested, and when all records mad( 
are properly preserved in the School of Mines. To meet the 
second necessity, the Government placed in the supple 
mentary estimates for 1894 a vote of $5,100 for a mining 
laboratory, and this amount, owing to our receiving par 
of the equipment as a donation from the Robb Engineer 
ing Company, Amherst, N.S., was found to be almos 
sufficient. The Government has provided for the necess 
ary balance and for the running of the laboratory for th 
current year in the supplementary estimates just passed 
The number of large samples, from 200 lbs. to five tons c 

- 65 - 

'le, that have been sent to be crushed since the laboratory 
VSLS opened in January, 1895, shows the necessity that 
xisted for it, and how important it promises to be in 
iractically developing the mineral wealth of the province 
nd in ascertaining whether that wealth is of much or 
ittle account. The lots that have already been tested are 
rom the Kaladar district, from Wahnapitae, N.B. ofSud- 
nry, and from a firm in Oshawa. Applications are be- 
Dre us with regard to lots from other places. In conse- 
uence of the establishment of this mining laboratory, 
Canada can now have tested, on a mining scale, all ores, 
le nature or value of which is doubtful, instead of as 
)rmerly being obliged to leave them untested, or to send 
lem to Britain or the States to be tested, or to risk, and 
1 many cases waste, capital in erecting machinery at a 
enture, at any spot where there were promising signs. 
Ve are in a position (i) to sample and assay ores in large 
ks ; (2) to make mill runs and give complete reports as 
) free milling or the refractory nature of the ores, the 
mount of concentrates of the gold or silver lost in the 
idlings and of the bullion which can be extracted in the 
dll by amalgamation ; (3) to instruct students in these 

In connection with this work, it gives the governors 
' the school much pleasure to report that Bruce Carru-. 
lers, Ksq., has established a scholarship in mining, of 
le value of $200 annually, to be awarded to the student 
ho is most capable of assisting in the mining laboratory, 
he scholarship was awarded this year to P. Norman 
issen, Halifax, N.S. 

We have also to thank the Government for putting 
. the supplementary estimates a vote to enable us 
I add to our equipment another chemical laboratory, 
quired by the increase in the prospectors’ class ; also a 
ineralogical, geological and economical museum, so 
)nstructed as to be available for lecturing and lantern 
ork ; and additional apparatus, such as assay furnaces, 
intern and petrographical microscopes, 

— 66 - 

To provide for the running of the mining laboratorji 
and the prospectors’ laboratories and furnaces, the annual 
grant which the Government makes to the school needs 
to be increased from $5,000 to $6,000. It is also indis- 
pensable to secure a professor who can give his whole 
time to mining engineering. With these additions, the 
school would be well equipped, as regards both apparatus 
and instructors. In view of the character of the preseni 
staff and the excellent work done on behalf of regular anC 
occasional students, and on behalf of prospectors both a1 
Kingston and in outside mining centres ; in view also oj 
the facts that the City of Kingston, the County of Fron- 
tenac and the public generally are liberally supporting tht 
school, and that nowhere else in the province or, so fai 
as we know, in Canada, is instruction given in milling 
and metallurgical processes on a large scale, the governors 
respectfully submit that it is in accordance with the more 
vigorous mining policy which the Government is inaug- 
urating, and with the public interest generally, that the “ 
School of Mines should be fully equipped, as regards botl 
staff and apparatus. 


We put into the building and equipment the $3,500 ® 
voted in the course of the last two years by the Legisla 
ture. This year the supplementary estimates give thoj! 
amount needed to complete the building. We are using 
separators loaned by the firms that make them, and the 
use of these will be continued next year. 

The Dairy School was opened in December and has 
just closed, the last week being given to home dairying. 

109 students attended the school, and 16 others 
advantage of the short courses in home dairying. The 
average stay of the 109 at the school was four weeks. 7c 
took courses in cheese-making only ; 1 3 in butter-making 
only, and 26 in both departments. Of the students 32 
came from Frontenac, 21 from Leeds, 10 from Hastings, 
10 from Renfrew, 6 from Lanark, 4 each from Grenville, 
Stormont, Glengarry and Lennox and Addington. 

— 67 — 

l^he Governors desire to cordially thank the Dominion 
Department of Agriculture for condudlmg the courses 
in the dairying during the past winter. Professor 
Robertson also gave us valuable assistance, in connection 
Iwith the building and equipping of the School, according 
[to the most approved modern methods, and by lectures 
pnd addresses which always awakened the deepest interest 
|n the students and the public. Mr. Ruddick and his 
assistants proved themselves most competent practical 
Instructors. We respectfully request the Department to 
end us similar aid for another year. Nothing illustrates 
)etter the new attitude of mind with regard to this great- 
est industry of agriculture, than the co-operation in our 
School, and the kindred work connected with it, of the 
Provincial Government, the Dominion Government, the 
^ity of Kingston, and the County of Frontenac. We 
ire happy to state that we have received all possible en- 
jouragement in our work from those different quarters, 
^e have fitted up the former collegiate buildings beside the 
few Dairy School for theoretical and blackboard instruc- 
ion, and next year we hope to give more extended in- 
truction to skilled cheese and butter- makers, who desire 
p have diplomas certifying to their fitness to take charge 
l)f factories. 


In these departments there has not been the same sue- 
jess that attended our efforts in the Mining School and 
pe Dairy School. Public school teachers did not take 

I d vantage of the rare facilities offered them, at nominal 
ost, to obtain a knowledge of the chemistry, botany and 
oology of the farm. But a number of high school teach- 
rs and others preparing for the position of high school 
jachers attended, and worked zealously in the laboratories 
om morning to night during the six weeks’ course, 
'he total number attending was 21. Public school in- 

F ectors assigned as a reason for the non-attendance of 
eir teachers the comparatively short notice that had been 


given. We have, therefore, given adequately early 
advertisement of the Summer School this year, and should 
the attendance not be satisfactory we shall probably not 
continue it in 1896. In navigation, also, the number that 
applied was so small that it was decided to postpone open- 
ing this department till after Christmas next. 


All arrangements have been made for opening this 
school in October next. Instruction in anatomy, materia 
medica, animal biology and physiology, and chemistry • 
will be given in connection with the medical faculty of rj 
Queen’s and partly in our own buildings, and ample |] 
facilities will be provided for clinical instruction in the ! 
diseases of the domestic animals in an infirmary. Details j 
can be had on application to our bursar, W. Mason, Bsq. | 

Statement of Receipts and Disbursements, School of 
Mining and Agriculture, for year end- 
ing March 31, 1895. 


Mining Laboratory... $5,767 63 

Dairy School 5.656 02 

Summer School 218 90 

Expense Mining School 919 go 
Apparatus “ “ 1.993 5° 

Rent “ “ 1,250 00 

Salaries “ “ 6,162 00 

$21,967 95 


Investment $460 00 

Over expended ’94, ’95. 2,069 51 

Cash on hand 644 37 

I3.173 88 

Examined and found correct. 
Kingston, April 13, 1895. 


Cash on hand April i, j 

’94 $1,048 61 : 

Ontario Gov’t grant. 

Mining 5,000 00 ] 

Ont. Gov’t grant. Dairy 3,500 00 I 
“ “ Mining Lab. 5,100 00 \ 

County Frontenac. . . . 500 00 j 

Subscriptions 2,600 00 ' 

Fees 2,249 83 ' 

Bal. over expended... 2,149 83 

$21,967 95 


Bal. on hand April i, ’94 $2,159 15 

Interest, etc 294 73 

Subscriptions 1895.... 720 00 

$3,173 88 

J. E. Clark, Auditor. 

— 69 — 





G. M. Grant, Kingston 




Folger Bros., Kingston 


Wm. Harty, Kingston 


J. S. Hayden, Toi onto 





Capt. Crawford, Kingston 

• • 50 


Sandford Fleming, Ottawa 


J. L. Whiting, Kingston 


B. M. Britton, Kingston.. 


F. C. Ireland, Kingston 


R. V. Rogers, Kingston 


A. F. Chown, Kingston. 


O. Chown, Kingston 


McKelvey & Birch, Kingston 


J. Bell, Belleville 



D. B. McLennan, Cornwall 



J. M. McLennan, est, of, Lachine 





R. Campbell, Renfrew 


}. Mann, Renfrew 


A. Barnett, Renfrew 




J. Ferguson, Renfrew 




J. Wylie, Almonte 



Wm. Russell, Arnprior 




A. Irving, Pembroke 


R. G. Scott, Pembroke, 


T. B, Caldwell, Lanark 



R. J. Mackie, Kingston 


G. M. Milligan, Toronto 


W. B. Dalton, Kingston 


H. A. Calvin, Kingston 




J. McLaren, Brock ville 


E. W. Rathbun, Deseronto 


Ellen M. Nickle, Kingston 


James MacLennan, Toronto 



W. Bruce Carruthers, Kingston 



B. W. Robertson, Kingston 



L. Clements, Kingston 


Geo. Y. Chown, Kingston 


Donald McIntyre, Kingston 


G. M. Macdonnell, Kingston 


Mills & Mills, Kingston 


David McLaren, Ottawa 


Alex. McLaren, Buckingham 



R. J. Tough, Arnprior 



James Dingwall, Cornwall 

V 25 


J. Rayside, Lancaster 


G. W. Dawson, Plevna 


— 76 -^ 


The Gillie Bros, Co., Braeside loo oo 

J. B. Catruthers, Kingston 200 00 

F. S. Rathbun, Deseronto. 50 00 

M. Legatt, Hamilton,,.. 25 00 

S. Anglin & Co., Kingston 10 00 

J. B. Mclver, Kingston 10 00 

Thos. H. Johns, Kingston 10 00 

Steacy & Steacy, Kingston 10 00 

J. B. Murphy, Kingston 10 00 

J. F. Dennistouh, Peterboro 10 00 

R. Max Dennistoun, Peterboro 10 00 

J. B. Williams, Peterboro. 10 00 

Richard Hall, Peterboro 10 00 

W. E. Roxburg, Norwood 10 00 

P. R. Henderson, Kingston 20 00 

W. P. Hudson, Belleville 10 00 

Thos. Ritchie, Belleville.. 25 00 

James Russell, Renfrew 25 00 

K, M. Ireland, Kingston... 20 00 

Total ^2600 00 


$720 00 


A fine of five cents will be charged tov each 
day overdue.